Elisabetta Mori From Academia to Business: LEO computers and Olivetti.
Two case studies in the early European Computer Industry
A common pattern in the growth and development of early Western European computer manufacturers is the collaboration between academia and entrepreneurship. Very often early European computer companies established a joint venture with an academic environment – a university or a research institute. Continue reading “Business computing seminar in Lille”
Abstract of the paper presented at the 4th HaPoC – History and Philosophy of Computing conference in Brno, 3-7 October 2017.
Coping with the “American giants”: mergers, relationships and attempted partnerships in the European computer industry in the early Sixties
During the 1950s, a fragmented computer industry grew up in Europe. After the enthusiasm and pioneering in a brand new business like computers, at the beginning of the 1960s these companies were weakened by several issues, such as the financial crisis and the pressure of US competitors like IBM and General Electric. The investments in R&D were not fully refunded by the income from machines sales after several years. The growth of a computer company, in fact, was often doomed by these costs and very often also by lack of proper marketing experience in a totally brand new field. Continue reading “Coping with the “American giants””
On October 8th, 2016, the Museum of Computing Machinery of Pisa University, during next Internet Festival (October 6-9, 2016) will host an event about the evolution of personal computing: “from Olivetti Programma 101 to Apple products”. Among the guests: Gastone Garziera and Giovanni De Sandre, part of the team of designers of P101, directed by Pier Giorgio Perotto. After the conference the newly restored P101 machines – property of the Museum – and an Apple I will be at work in a showcase open to the public.
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